Individual Values> Guides & Games
Use the following table of contents to navigate the IV guide contained within this page and to also view guides written for players still learning basic competitive mechanics.
- Other guides to consider checking out...
- Individual Values
IV is an acronym for Individual Value. A new addition to the 4th gen is a phrase, found in the Pokémon's info (second page), which pertains to the IVs of your Pokémon, can be found by clicking "new" or scrolling to the bottom of this page.
IVs are, in a sense, free stat points. Each stat your Pokémon has, has two hidden values attached to it, one known as IVs, the other being EVs. Your Pokémon will have IVs the second you get it and there isn't anything you can do to change them. This guide will attempt to fully explain the mechanics of IVs as briefly as possible.
IVs have a value between 0~31.
We do offer an online IV calculator. For offline or even online use also check out Metalkid's Program. This program also offers many other useful applications such as an EV calculator, Pokédex, Pokémon Planner, and much more. You will need this program, or something similar, to calculate your Pokémon's Individual Values.
The best part of Individual Values is that you can control how high/low they are, which leads me to the worst part, you'll be doing a good amount of breeding and / or resetting. You always want IVs to be as close to 31 as possible, because you're Pokémon's stat will be as much as 31 points higher than it could be without paying attention to IVs and 31 points is a lot to completely disregard. Keep in mind working with IVs isn't necessary and is really something only perfectionists or competitive battlers will attempt to manipulate. Don't count on getting Pokémon with all perfect IVs either, the odds of doing so approach those of winning the lottery. A good IV set might have values between 27~31. Getting that set could take as long as a dozen generations of breeding, which most people don't have the patience for.
I'll start with stationary / Legendary Pokémon. Snorlax and Sudowoodo are good examples of a stationary Pokémon which generally includes Legendary Pokémon as well (Rayquaza), not roamers like Lati@s or the burnt tower trio. You can breed Snorlax for solid IVs but why breed it when you can save before catching it, catch it, calculate it's IVs and if they are bad reset and try again? This may or may not save time, depending on luck because IVs in this situation are essentially a product of luck, but you will have to do this when catching Pokémon like Rayquaza or Mewtwo since they can not be bred.
Rest assured that the first time you encounter / catch a Pokémon it's IVs will be bad. I've heard people mention catching a Suicune, or something similar, with several IVs at 0 and the rest not surpassing 10. Hopefully your luck isn't that bad but when searching for roamers there isn't much you can do unless you feel like starting the process over again to get better IVs.
Breedable Pokés have the easiest control over IVs, via breeding, but it still, generally,isn't as easy as 1,2,3. If you have good luck everywhere else in life you may find you have luck here as well so disregard my near constant comments on the luck required. Its ok to breed for IVs in only one or two stats and doing so will cut the time you spend breeding so basically the number of stats you want high IVs in is a factor of the amount of time you spend working with a single Poké.
There are a lot of ways to deal with getting good IVs and the specific mechanics vary between R/S/E and FR/LG. Saving before or after getting an egg are examples of the differences but I'm not going to be that specific.
Assume you are breeding a Dragonite for competitive battling. The first thing you want to know is what that Pokémon will be doing for your team; Special Sweeping, Mixed Sweeping, etc. You will want to what moves it will use, what nature it will have, and how you will be spending your EVs (see the EV sticky if you want to know how to handle EVs). Once you know everything you will know if you are breeding egg moves onto it and what nature you will be looking for.
IVs are passed down through breeding. 3 IVs will be directly inherited while the other 3 remain random. 2 of the 3 passed down will come from the female while the remaining IV will come from the male. It should be said that it is possible that the inherited IV will coincide; as in the male and female could both pass into the Atk stat meaning only two stats are being improved. Obviously you are looking for Pokés with high IVs across the board but you may want to concentrate solely on looking for high IVs in the stats your Pokémon will be using; Mixed Sweeping Dragonite with high IVs in Atk, SpAtk, and Spd. You'll want high IVs in those stats more than you will in it's Defs'.
1) You should already know that using a Pokémon with the ability Magma Armor / Flame body will cut the time it takes to hatch an egg by about 33%. This ability does not stack so having 3 Pokés in your team with that ability will not cut hatch time by 99%; the most you need is one Magmar (for example).
2) First breed for Egg moves and once that is complete you MUST use a male with those egg moves to progress in the breeding process, regardless of its nature of IVs, this saves time. Next breed for a female with the correct nature. Once you have her breed her with a male that has the correct moves. Starting with the correct natured female all females you breed should be holding an Everstone as this ensures a 50% probability that the babies produced will also have that nature. Once you have the correct egg moves and nature you can start choosing the Pokémon you will be using to breed for IVs.
- HP IV
- v(((stat - level - 10) * 100 / level) - 2 * base stat - v(EVs / 4))
- Atk / Def / SpAtk / SpDef IV
- v(((^(stat / personality) - 5) * 100 / level) - 2 * base stat - v(EVs / 4))
^ - means to round up the resulting number.
v - means to round down the number before performing the next calculation.
Personality is determined by your Pokémon's nature. If the nature increases the stat then personality is substituted for 1.1, if the nature decreases the stat then personality is .9 and finally if the nature is neutral then personality is 1.
Following are all the possible phrases you will see and the IV for that stat that can be associated with them. The phrase you will see is associated with the highest IV your Pokémon has; if the IV is the same for many stats then a phrase is randomly chosen. A 31 IV is always the second phrase for each stat. This may not be that useful but if you have been breeding for a Timid Jolteon and the phrase is "Impetuous and silly" then you'll probably not be using that Eevee; which can save time.
|Loves to eat||0 / 5 / 10 / 15 / 20 / 25 / 30|
|Often dozes off||1 / 6 / 11 / 16 / 21 / 26 / 31|
|Often naps||2 / 7 / 12 / 17 / 22 / 27|
|Scatters things often||3 / 8 / 13 / 18 / 23 / 28|
|Likes to relax||4 / 9 / 14 / 19 / 24 / 29|
|Proud of its power||0 / 5 / 10 / 15 / 20 / 25 / 30|
|Likes to thrash about||1 / 6 / 11 / 16 / 21 / 26 / 31|
|A little quick-tempered||2 / 7 / 12 / 17 / 22 / 27|
|Likes to fight||3 / 8 / 13 / 18 / 23 / 28|
|Hot tempered||4 / 9 / 14 / 19 / 24 / 29|
|Sturdy body||0 / 5 / 10 / 15 / 20 / 25 / 30|
|Capable of taking hits||1 / 6 / 11 / 16 / 21 / 26 / 31|
|Highly persistent||2 / 7 / 12 / 17 / 22 / 27|
|Good endurance||3 / 8 / 13 / 18 / 23 / 28|
|Good perseverence||4 / 9 / 14 / 19 / 24 / 29|
|Highly curious||0 / 5 / 10 / 15 / 20 / 25 / 30|
|Mischeavious||1 / 6 / 11 / 16 / 21 / 26 / 31|
|Thoroughly cunning||2 / 7 / 12 / 17 / 22 / 27|
|Often lost in thought||3 / 8 / 13 / 18 / 23 / 28|
|Very finicky||4 / 9 / 14 / 19 / 24 / 29|
|Strong willed||0 / 5 / 10 / 15 / 20 / 25 / 30|
|Somewhat vain||1 / 6 / 11 / 16 / 21 / 26 / 31|
|Strongly defiant||2 / 7 / 12 / 17 / 22 / 27|
|Hates to lose||3 / 8 / 13 / 18 / 23 / 28|
|Somewhat stubborn||4 / 9 / 14 / 19 / 24 / 29|
|Likes to run||0 / 5 / 10 / 15 / 20 / 25 / 30|
|Alert to sounds||1 / 6 / 11 / 16 / 21 / 26 / 31|
|Impetuous and silly||2 / 7 / 12 / 17 / 22 / 27|
|Somewhat of a clown||3 / 8 / 13 / 18 / 23 / 28|
|Quick to flee||4 / 9/ 14 / 19 / 24 / 29|
That's really it, you'll breed until you are satisfied with the IVs your Pokémon has.
Any Questions? Ask them here.